By Saurav KR. Mishra
The use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture degrades soil quality and affects the environment adversely. Such fertilizers contain toxic elements that lower soil fertility.
To prevent such degradation of soil and improve crop yield in an eco-friendly way, farmers are using non-toxic organic farming products. They are using worm compost instead of chemical fertilizers.
Worm compost is organic manure, which is rich in nutrients and serves as a soil conditioner. It enhances the growth of crops and raises soil quality. Worm composting is the process of making this manure.
In this process, worms develop a nutrient-rich fertilizer from organic waste. Commonly used worms for this process are earthworms, white worms and red wigglers.
The resultant manure obtained from this process has greater content of nutrients than other types of fertilizers. It is a means of balanced nutrients for plants, unlike other types of fertilizers.
The key benefits of using worm compost in agriculture are:
The compost is completely organic as earthworms produce it. It does not contain any harmful chemicals. You do not need to mix the manure with any other fertilizer.
The nutrients in the manure promote plant growth. The roots of crops absorb the compost nutrients very easily. The worm mucus present in the compost prevents flushing of the compost from the soil. Hence, plants can get the manure nutrients for a long time.
This is one of the benefits of the manure, over chemical fertilizers. In chemical fertilizers, the fertilizer flushes away quite easily from the soil.
The compost makes plants healthy, thereby reducing pesticide need. The reduced use of pesticides helps soil to recover rapidly and initiates an improvement cycle in the soil. On the other hand, use of chemical fertilizers continuously, deteriorates soil quality.
They do not cause any improvement in plant health. They result in build up of salts and ammonia, which decrease plants' resistance to diseases.
Earthworm compost consists of growth hormones for plants that promote plant growth. These hormones enhance seed germination and result in stronger plants. Chemical fertilizers have no such growth hormones. Use of the compost results in growth of healthy roots and improves yield of crops.
The worm compost organic manure is a colloid and retains a large amount of water. This characteristic of the manure is quite helpful to plants in times of dry weather. As the water is present at the organic level, it evaporates quite slowly. This allows plants to use the water for a long time.
Slow Release of Nutrients:
Chemical fertilizers have a large amount of nutrients, but rain washes them away quite easily. Hence, the nutrients are not available to plants. In case of worm compost, the manure does not drain easily.
It retains the nutrients and releases them slowly. This enables the crops to get the essential nutrients for a long time.
The earthworm compost is extremely beneficial for crop growth and soil fertility. Owing to the advantages of the manure, farmers are using it widely for agricultural purposes throughout the world.
Saurav Kr Mishra writes articles on agricultural techniques and products. In this article, he/she has written about worm compost organic manure, which is a great source of balanced nutrients for plants.
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